Hammertoes can be painful and sometimes there may be no pain or discomfort. When there is pain, it can originate from a variety of areas. The pain and discomfort is usually caused by the patient's shoe wear. As the deformed toe rubs against the inside of the shoe, this causes pain along the top of the digit. Although people of all ages can develop hammer toes, patients typically do not experience pain or discomfort until early adulthood or later. Exercises Â - To strengthen your foot, the orthopedic specialist may recommend particular exercises. The doctor could also prescribe a course of physical therapy for you. Feet bear much of the burden for most athletic activities. Selective the right athletic shoe is as equally important as selectingthe right golf club or tennis racket. A well-fitting, well-made and properly used athletic shoe can help reduce foot problems and increase performance. Depending on the sport of choice, there is a shoe to meet your foot care needs. Different sports call for specific footwear to protect feet and ankles. For example, a running shoe is built to accommodate the impact that concentrates on the forefoot, while a tennis shoe is made to give relatively more support to the ankles, and permit sudden stops and turns Originally from the East Anglican word "bunny," the word "bunion" means "swelling." Also called "hallux valgus," it describes a protrusion at the base of the big toe. Bunions are nine to ten times more frequent in women than in men. Because our big toe joint helps to bear and distribute weight during most activities, it is important to know how to slow bunion development, control the pain, and decide when to opt for surgery. Hammer Toe - A tightening of ligaments and tendons causing the toe joints to buckle, forcing the toe upward and leading to shoe abrasion, inflammation, bursitis, corns and calluses. If you look the first set of feet with the taped toe, pictured above with the title, the thing most obvious is the over size joint at the ball of the foot, base of the big toe. It is called a Bunion. Sad as it seems , your feet change over time and generally get bigger. Bunions can be hereditary, but for climbers it can exacerbated by abuse of long walks, tight rock shoes, or rigid soled boots. Symptoms usually include pain and stiffness in the morning and dull, throbbing pain at night. Swelling, heat and redness can also be visible around the joint. Diseases, disorders and disabilities of the foot or ankle affect the quality of life and mobility of millions of Americans. However, the general public and even many physicians are unaware of the important relationship between foot health and overall health and well-being. With this in mind, the American Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) would like to share a few tips to help keep feet healthy. A bunion is a protuberance of bone or tissue around the joint. The enlargement occurs either at the base of the great toe or on the outside of the foot, at the base of the little toe where it is called a "bunionette" or "tailor's bunion." When the feet are exposed to extremely cold weather for a long time they are in danger of frost bite, a painful condition that can result in permanent tissue damage or even loss of toes. If your feet are painful after exposure to cold, you could be in danger of frostbite. Another warning is when pain gives way to numbness, in either case, seek a heat source as quickly as possible, or move about to help blood circulation. Never remove boots or shoes to examine your feet while still outdoors. To know more about how to prevent Toenail fungus infection, click here Plantar Fasciitis / Heel Pain / Heel Spur Bunions are a common deformity often caused by wearing tight, narrow shoes. This condition occurs at the base of your big toe when the join becomes enlarged. The skin over the joint may be red and tender. Bunions form when the toe moves out of place, and over time the big toe might angle in toward the other toes. Common symptoms of bunions include inflammation, swelling and soreness near the joint of the big toe. If conservative treatments do not solve the problem, your doctor may recommend bunion surgery to remove the bunion and realign the toe. A long recovery is common and may include persistent swelling and stiffness. If the bend in the toe does not straighten, regardless if observed in weight bearing or non-weight bearing, position it is know as a rigid deformity. If the deformity is elastic, it will straighten when weight-bearing and return to the hammered (bent) position when the foot is non-weight bearing this is called a flexible deformity. Other risk factors like walking activity, heredity, and walking surface affect the rate and type of development of these deformities. Often hammertoes and bunions will be visible for many years before they become painful. Sometimes a change in activity, shoes, or weight gain can make a bunion or hammertoe seem suddenly very painful.